David Miller & Associates, Inc.

 

DMA has unmatched experience in conducting economic analyses of deep draft navigation projects.  DMA has conducted more Corps of Engineers navigation economic studies over the last 10 years than any consulting firm in the nation.  As a result, DMA’s staff of navigation economists and plan formulators is more than sufficient to meet CPA’s needs within our existing workload while providing the highest possible product.  In recognition of DMA’s expertise in this area, DMA was selected by the Philadelphia District, the North Atlantic Division, and HQUSACE to conduct the Economic Reanalysis of the Delaware River Deepening Study following a highly critical review by GAO of the economic analysis performed by the District.  DMA also conducted the economic analyses for both the Feasibility Study and the Limited Reevaluation Reports for the largest navigation project currently under construction in the country, the deepening of New York Harbor to over 50 feet. 

The Federal interest in navigation is derived from the Commerce Clause of the Constitution and is limited to improvements in the navigable waters of the U.S. which are of general public interest and open to use by all on equal terms.  Navigation improvements include:  channels, jetties and breakwaters, locks and dams, basins or water areas for vessel maneuvering, such as turning basins, anchorages, mooring areas, etc., removal of wrecks and obstructions, snagging and clearing, drift and debris removal, and bridge replacements or modifications (when necessary to remove obstructions to navigation).  A recent development in navigation project development is the attempt to incorporate environmentally sustainable design principles into the planning and design of navigation projects.

 

COMMERCIAL NAVIGATION PROJECTS:

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Limited Reevaluation Report
New York and New Jersey Harbor
New York District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA performed the economic reanalysis of the New York and New Jersey Harbor Navigation deepening project as part of the Limited Reevaluation Report.  The 50+ foot deepening of the Federal channels in New York/New Jersey harbor is one of the largest commercial navigation projects in the nation.  Since DMA completed its feasibility phase effort in 2000 (see below), significant changes occurred at the Port of New York and New Jersey, most notably a much higher than anticipated increase in container import volumes.  The reanalysis effort was conducted to account for this significant increase in waterborne commerce, as well as reductions in project costs since the time of the feasibility study.  DMA updated commodity forecasts, and fleet projections, reassessing landside throughput capacity, conducting a market share analysis, reevaluating future without project conditions, and computing project benefits and costs.

Section 203 Feasibility Study for Navigation Improvements
Port Canaveral, Florida
Canaveral Port Authority

DMA prepared the Section 203 (WRDA 86) feasibility study for navigation improvements (channel widening and deepening) at Port Canaveral, Florida.  Port improvements are intended to serve the larger cruise ships and bulk cargo vessels calling at the Port now and in the future.  DMA’s roles on the Section 203 study are: Project Management, Plan Formulation, Feasibility Report Preparation, and NED Cost Benefit Analysis, and Public Involvement.  Project management tasks performed by DMA included identification and coordination of all necessary engineering, environmental, planning, and economic studies needed to meet Corps of Engineers requirements for a feasibility study.  Economic analysis tasks performed by DMA included commodity and cruise projections, fleet forecasts, and calculation of with and without project transportation costs.  Plan formulation tasks included development of without and with project conditions, formulation of alternatives, evaluation of alternative plans, and identification of the NED Plan.  DMA also provided Port Canaveral with Corps policy compliance advice and assistance, and has assisted the Port in conducting coordination with the Jacksonville District and Headquarters of the Corps of Engineers.  The Section 203 feasibility report has been submitted to ASA (CW).

Feasibility Study for Navigation Improvements – General Reevaluation Report
Savannah Harbor, Georgia
Mobile District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted plan formulation activities, prepared the Alternative Formulation Briefing Package, Without Project Conditions Report, and the General Reevaluation Report (GRR) for the deepening study at Savannah Harbor. The original Feasibility Report for Savannah Harbor was prepared by the Georgia Ports Authority under the auspices of Section 203 (WRDA 86).  The Feasibility Report lacked certain critical elements required by Corps policy, resulting in a contingent authorization by Congress and necessitating preparation of a GRR to complete required plan formulation and environmental activities. Technical engineering, environmental and economic portions of the GRR were prepared by a multi-District team, including members of the Savannah, Wilmington, and Mobile Districts.  DMA is the Corps’ principal plan formulation contractor, tasked with conducting all plan formulation activities and preparation of the GRR, with input provided from the various Corps District project development team members. DMA conducted the screening and evaluation of alternatives, analysis of the system of accounts, preparation of the AFB documentation, coordination with the non-Federal sponsor, and preparation of the GRR.

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Comprehensive Reanalysis
Delaware River Main Channel, Pennsylvania & New Jersey
Philadelphia District, US Army Corps of Engineers

Subsequent to a highly critical GAO audit of the economic analysis conducted by the Corps of Engineers, DMA was contracted to prepare an independent economic reanalysis of the economics of the project to deepen the Delaware River main channel from 40 to 45 feet.  DMA conducted a full reanalysis of potential benefits to liquid bulk (crude oil, petroleum products), dry bulk, and containerized commodity movements into the Delaware River ports.  DMA prepared new commodity projections and fleet forecasts, and identified potential transportation cost savings.  DMA also conducted a detailed analysis of the cost of non-Federal ancillary facility improvements (berthing areas, docks, storage) necessary to deliver the project benefits.  Because of the extremely high visibility of the project, DMA analyzed shipping movements in excruciating detail, down to the individual vessel, commodity, customer, and liner service level.  DMA’s analysis was subject to two independent technical reviews (ITR) by transportation experts in the academic and consulting communities.  DMA’s final analysis was accepted by the ITR team, the MSC, and Corps Headquarters.

Section 203 Feasibility Study Project Management Plan for Navigation Improvements
Port Canaveral, Florida
Canaveral Port Authority

DMA prepared a Project Management Plan for a Section 203 study of navigation improvements at Port Canaveral, Florida.  Section 203 of WRDA 1986 allows non-Federal interests to undertake a feasibility study of a proposed harbor or inland harbor project and submit it to the Secretary of the Army for consideration as a Federal navigation project.  DMA assisted the Canaveral Port Authority by developing an implementation plan for the Section 203 study, including: developing a study scope of work, cost estimates, and a detailed project implementation schedule.

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Limited Reevaluation Report
Norfolk Harbor, Virginia
Norfolk District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted the economic analysis for a Limited Reevaluation Report to analyze the potential transportation cost savings from deepening the Norfolk Harbor in-bound channel from 45 to 50 feet.   DMA prepared commodity projections, fleet forecasts, developed with and without project conditions, and computed costs, benefits, and benefit-cost ratios.  DMA completed the economic analysis under extreme time constraints, performing the entire analysis in two months.   DMA’s analysis was approved by the District and Division and allowed the dredging to commence on schedule.

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Feasibility Study
Boston Harbor, Massachusetts
New England District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted an economic analysis for deepening the main channel of Boston Harbor to depths in excess of 40 feet.   DMA prepared commodity projections for containerized cargo, determined the hinterland for imports and exports, and evaluated the market share of Boston Harbor and the other competitor ports which also serve its hinterlands.  A trade forecast has been prepared, projecting containerized cargo imports and exports for the period from 2005 to 2065   A fleet forecast has also been prepared, projecting the number, size and types of vessels expected to serve the port over the 50-year planning horizon.   DMA calculated the transportation cost savings associated with a variety of channel improvement scenarios.

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Limited Reevaluation Report
Big Bend Channel, Florida
Jacksonville District, US Army Corps of Engineers

Multiple tasks were performed by DMA in support of the Jacksonville District to prepare the updated Economics Appendix for the LRR.  Tasks included: navigation data collection, model development, computation of without and with project transportation costs, incremental benefits of alternative channel depths, computation of BCR, net benefits, & risk analysis, and preparation of the draft and final economics appendix. 

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Feasibility Study
Norfolk Harbor (Craney Island), Virginia
Norfolk District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted an economic analysis of the benefits that would be associated with a new container terminal at Craney Island.  Without development of a new facility, the port is likely to reach throughput capacity in the next decade.  Expansion of Craney Island eastward would provide the opportunity to build a new container facility to meet this excess demand.  DMA is calculating the benefits associated with this new facility by identifying the differences in transportation costs between a new Craney Island facility and the most likely alternative transportation scenarios that shippers would have to employ if Craney Island was not available and traffic had to be diverted to alternative ports.  As a part of this investigation, DMA developed commodity projections, fleet forecasts, identifying alternative port options, and calculating both water-side and land-side transportation costs from point of origin to final destination.  DMA assisted the District during Corps Headquarters review, resulting in a positive Chief of Engineers Report and authorization by Congress.

Economic Analyses for Navigation Improvements – Feasibility Study
New York and New Jersey Harbor
New York District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA performed economic and social analysis investigations in support of the New York and New Jersey Harbor Navigation Feasibility Study.  DMA performed three groups of study tasks for Phase I of the economic and social analysis:  baseline analyses, projections analyses, and alternatives analyses.  The baseline analyses established existing conditions of national and port-specific trade. DMA’s alternatives analyses compared the costs of commodity movements for the with- and without- project conditions, assessed how these costs affect the competitiveness of the port compared to other regional ports, and applied a risk based analysis to estimated project benefits and costs.  In the second phase of the project, DMA performed all economic activities necessary to complete the feasibility phase of the project.  Analysis of with and without project conditions determined the future use of the harbor in terms of fleet composition, commodity flows, and transportation costs under alternative scenarios.  A multi-port analysis was also completed.  Next, DMA computed project costs, benefits, benefit-cost ratios, net benefits, and identified the NED plan, including phasing of channel deepening throughout the harbor complex.  Finally, DMA prepared the economic appendix and the economic sections of the Feasibility Report and EIS.

Feasibility Study for Anchorage Usage Navigation Improvements
New York and New Jersey Harbor
New York District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted feasibility phase investigations of structural and non-structural alternatives to improve anchorage usage in the NY/NJ Harbor complex.  DMA activities include: development of a feasibility study quality control plan and preparation of quality control reports; review of existing data; establishing existing conditions; developing a forecasting model; developing without project future conditions; developing alternative plans; performing preliminary screening of alternative plans; developing with project future conditions for selected alternative plans; calculating NED benefits and costs of selected alternative plans; identifying the NED plan and any locally preferred plans; preparing the AFB technical memorandum and associated quality control report; preparing the feasibility report and associated quality control report; and feasibility analysis coordination.

General Reevaluation Report and Economic Analysis for Navigation Improvements
Port Manatee, Florida
Jacksonville District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted an economic analysis of dredging a new spur channel in Manatee Harbor.  DMA tasks included:  data collection/compilation; shipping patterns & frequencies analysis; voyage cost spreadsheets development; commodity traffic forecast; future vessel forecast; vessel utilization savings benefits; multi-port analysis; benefit-cost analysis; and draft and final report preparation.  In the most recent iteration of the Project, DMA prepared the GRR and DMMP for the new spur channel and is currently responding to Division and HQUSACE comments and revising the report for final review and approval

Limited Reevaluation Report and Economic Analysis for Navigation Improvements
Baltimore Harbor, Maryland
Baltimore District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA conducted an analysis to compare actual CY 2000 commodity movements with projections prepared in 1993 during the feasibility phase of the project.  DMA analyzed commodity movements by type and origin-destination in order to isolate the differences between actual and projected commodity movements.  Once differences were identified, DMA staff evaluated the causes of these disparities by comparing commodity movements through the Port of Baltimore with the North Atlantic Region and the U.S. as a whole.

General Reevaluation Report and Economic Analysis for Navigation Improvements
Hillsboro Inlet, Florida
Jacksonville District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA supported the Jacksonville District in performing economic analyses required for the general reevaluation report to determine the economic feasibility of improving the existing Hillsboro Inlet channel system.  Commercial activity related to Hillsboro Inlet includes a commercial fishing fleet, a sport fishing fleet, a dive excursion fleet, and a gaming vessel that travels to federal waters where gaming is not prohibited.  Existing conditions at the inlet and the effects of these conditions on commercial operations were determined through extensive interviews with vessel operators, dredge operators, and local officials.  Benefits were estimated to assess the incremental improvements to authorized conditions in order to identify the project depth that maximizes net benefits.

Limited Reevaluation Report and Economic Analysis for Navigation Improvements
Crown Bay, U.S. Virgin Islands
Baltimore District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA supported the Jacksonville District in conducting the economic analyses required for the Limited Reevaluation Report for the federally authorized navigation project for Crown Bay, USVI.  DMA established without-project conditions based on commodity movement projections, forecasted fleet composition, and examined existing operations.  DMA calculated the benefits of project implementation as the reductions in total transportation costs due to navigation improvements and estimated potential benefits in one-foot increments up to authorized project depth.

Reconnaissance Study for Navigation Improvements
Reynolds Channel – Long Island, New York
New York District, US Army Corps of Engineers

DMA staff prepared a Navigation and Recreation Study and assisted in the formulation of a reconnaissance plan for navigation improvements along Reynolds Channel and the New York State Boat Channel.  Benefits of improved access and improved safety for the commercial fishing fleet, petroleum transport vessels, party/charter boats, and recreational fishing boats were calculated.  Future with and without project conditions and average annual navigation benefits were computed for each fleet based on identified usage of the channel, operations, and expected damages.  In addition, DMA staff calculated the average annual costs for operating and maintaining the projects developed in the engineering study and determined the feasibility of Federal takeover of all or portions of Reynolds Channel and the New York State Boat Channel.  The product was a positive reconnaissance report recommending further Federal involvement in a feasibility study.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial Navigation